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By Profiley

The new Global Jobs Indicator database (JOIN) helps users explore labor markets in low- and middle-income countries.  JOIN contains more than 100 Jobs Indicators and survey quality assessments for 164 countries and 1,430 surveys worldwide and is now available as part of the World Bank’s DataBank. Bulk downloads (in CSV or Excel) and API endpoints are also available.

The global database provides users with a quick access to more than 100 jobs indicators. It comes with a tool plus accompanying video to facilitate cross-country comparisons. This JOIN benchmarking tool forms part of the Jobs Diagnostic tools. The indicators are nationally representative and available for different types of workers. This includes workers in urban or rural areas, men and women, younger (age 15-24) and older (age 25-64) workers, and workers with lower and higher education.

Wage gaps for different types of waged workers are substantial across low- and middle-income countries. Wages are particularly interesting: Foremost, they provide a stable source of income for workers and their families. But they can also indicate structural changes in a country’s economy. JOIN is one of the first databases that allows users to explore wages on such large scale for development. This includes calculating wage gaps among different types of workers.

As an analysis using JOIN shows: Women earn on average 12 percent less in wages than men across low- and middle-income countries. This difference is a little smaller in low-income groups where the gender wage gap is about 9 percent.  Young workers face the biggest wage gap relative to older workers: Workers in the age group of 25-64 years receive 53 percent higher wages than those between 15 and 24 years.

This difference decreases as countries’ GDP per capita increases and amounts to 27 percent for upper middle-income countries. Rural wage workers receive on average 19 percent less than those in urban areas in low- and middle-income countries. This gap also declines with increasing GDP. The education gaps are strong across the income groups, workers with lower education earn on average 29 percent less than those with higher education. Note that only 49 percent of workers hold jobs with wages in low- and middle-income countries.

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